Bike rack design features

Security & Locking Points

  • To securely lock a bicycle, we recommend locking the bicycle wheel and frame, bicycle racks should allow for both the wheel and frame to be locked.
  • Locking points should be positioned so that a d-lock can access the frame and wheel of a bicycle. Some locking point designs are not positioned in an accessible location for bike locks.

Bicycle support

  • To be parked a bicycle must be supported in a horizontal upright or vertical position.


  • Bicycles can be parked by leaning onto a rail or stand. This is the least space-efficient method of parking a bike as it takes more space whilst leaning. This can be seen with Sheffield stands and is why these demand the largest centre to centre spacing for horizontal parking.


  • Hanging bikes on a hook is a suitable method of vertically parking a bicycle, however the hook should be installed in combination with a locking loop to ensure the bicycle can be secured.

Front fork support

  • Some single-tier and double-tier parking racks incorporate fork support systems. This is a design that holds a parked bicycle upright by supporting the forks on the front of a bicycle. This is a method of safely supporting a bicycle with no risk of damage.


  • A cradle design bike rack supports a bicycle by the wheel, ensuring no part of the frame is scratched. This form of parking is not compatible with mudguards.